Facts About African Lion
African Lions occur in savannah grasslands with scattered acacia trees, which serve as shade. In Africa, the range of the lion originally spanned large part of Africa the central rainforest zone and the Sahara Desert.
It is a social species, forming groups called prides, as compared to other cats’ species. A lion's pride consists of a few adult males, related females, and cubs.
Most lionesses reproduce by the time they are four years of age. Lions do not mate at a specific time of year and the females are polyestrous.
The average gestation period is around 110 days, the female gives birth to a litter of between one and four cubs in a secluded den usually away from the pride.
The lion cub was born blind, his eyes did not open until about a week after birth. The child weighs 1.2 – 2.1 kg, begins crawling a day or two after birth and walks at about three weeks of age.
The lion is a generalist hypercarnivore, where it’s not fussy in choosing prey. Its prey consists mainly of mammals particularly ungulates with a preference for blue wildebeest, plains zebra, African buffalo and giraffe.
Do you know! Lions spend a lot of time resting for about 20 hours a day.
The weight of a lion is 150 - 250 kg for males and 120 - 182 kg for females.
Wild lions rarely live longer than 10 - 14 years, moreover their lives are further shortened by injuries from fighting. Lions in captivity can live up to 20 years.
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